Florida's most invasive species. Revision of Eremochloa (Gramineae-Andropogoneae-Rottboellinae). Genetic diversity is the heritable variation within and among populations, and in the context of this paper describes the heritable variation among the germplasm resources of centipedegrass. Report ENH8. Synonyms of variety names are inset and shown in italics below the variety names in the list. Some are approved only for use for Certified Seed for export purposes (designated “Export It can be distinguished by many features. The chromosome number reported for E. ophiuroides is 2n = 18 (Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2016).Reproductive Biology. It is well adapted to the climate and soils of the coastal plains and lower Piedmont areas of the southern United States. Map 2. was introduced into the United States from southeastern Asia in 1916.It is well adapted to the climate and soils of Central and Northern Florida and is the most common home lawn grass in the Florida Panhandle (Figure 1). is a common warm-season turfgrass grown in Louisiana.It is popular among homeowners because of its low maintenance requirements. It is a perennial, long-stoloniferous, mat-forming grass with short, distichous leaves held parallel to the ground. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Centipedegrass is adapted to infertile, acidic soils that are moderately to well-drained. In Taiwan, it has been recorded growing on poor soils on hillsides (Flora of Taiwan, 2016). Baton Rouge, Louisiana, USA. Excerpted from Southern Lawns: Best Management Practices for the Selection, Establishment and Maintenance of Southern Lawngrasses, EC 707, 2003. It grows slowly but requires little maintenance. Varieties are Common, Oklawn, Raleigh, Tifblair , Tennessee Hardy and AU Centennial. This grass is also planted for soil conservation and as a ground cover in gardens (Duble, 2016; USDA-ARS, 2016). Category: Ornamental Grasses and Bamboo. This species can tolerate cold conditions, but extended periods of -10°C or less can kill plants (Duble, 2016). Culms decumbent, rooting and branching, flowering shoots 15-30 cm tall. It can be found in cultivation and naturalized across the southern United States, Japan, India, Malawi, Honduras, Costa Rica, Bermuda and Puerto Rico (Buitenhuis and Veldkamp, 2001; Clayton et al., 2016). Southern Research Station. It has fair shade tolerance, good drought tolerance, and can be established from seed or sod. See more ideas about centipede grass, grass, centipede. However, more information is needed on the use of herbicides during centipedegrass establishment from seed, particularly in seed and sod production systems. This version of the document was approved at the 2018 Annual Meeting of the OECD Seed Schemes. Discover Life's page about the biology, natural history, ecology, identification and distribution of Eremochloa ophiuroides - Centipede Grass -- Discover Life Nematode damage limits centipedegrass’ use in deep sandy soils that has an inherent nematode population. World Checklist of Poaceae. AB: Field experiments at 2 locations in Macon County, Alabama over 2 years suggested that final clipping date prior to seed harvesting determined seed yield in Eremochloa ophiuroides. Resprouts can be sprayed with a foliar application of the herbicide glyphosate. 20:682-687. seed shattering degree in wild accessions and cultivars of the two Elymus species [1, 8]. Flora of North America, Grass Manual on the Web. Fosberg FR, Sachet MH, Oliver RL, 1987. Eremochloa ophiuroides (centipedegrass); habit. Leaf sheaths keeled, overlapping at base, hairy at mouth; leaf blades flat, (1-)3-10 × 0.2-0.4 cm, usually glabrous, apex obtuse; ligule 0.2-5 mm, margin ciliate. For many plants, the website displays maps showing physiographic provinces within the Carolinas and Georgia where the plant has been documented. Eremochloa ophiuroides (centipedegrass); habit, with runners. Clayton WD, Govaerts R, Harman KT, Williamson H, Vorontsova M, 2016. Raceme erect or slightly curved, 4-6 cm; rachis internodes narrowly oblong-clavate, glabrous, 2.5 mm. http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1050, Fosberg FR, Sachet MH, Oliver R, 1987. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. It has poor salt tolerance and forms a loose turf that is not very wear-resistant, so it will not withstand heavy foot traffic. http://www.tropicos.org/Name/25512011?projectid=66. The PLANTS Database. These runners replace the live growth of the previous year (Walsh, 1994). It exhibits iron chlorosis (yellowing) and produces a heavy thatch if over-fertilized. Establishment of Seeded Centipedegrass (Eremochloa ophiuroides) in Utility Turf Areas' TRAVIS W. GANNON, FRED H. YELVERTON, HENNEN D. CUMMINGS, and J. SCOTT McELROY2 Abstract: Experiments were conducted to evaluate safety and effectiveness of herbicides during establishment of seeded centipedegrass. 17 (1), 149-163. http://rd.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10530-014-0712-3/fulltext.html DOI:10.1007/s10530-014-0712-3, USDA-NRCS, 2016. Texas Cooperative Extension Service, Texas A&M System. http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2, Flora of Taiwan, 2016. In Puerto Rico, it was introduced in 1930 (Rojas-Sandoval and Acevedo-Rodríguez, 2015). per 1000 Sq.ft. Centipede grass (Eremochloa ophiuroides) is a warm-season perennial turfgrass. Blue = 1950s. The usual spelling is therefore maintained here. Más EG, García-Molinari O, 2006. A geographical checklist of the Micronesian monocotyledonae. http://plants.usda.gov/, Walsh RA, 1994. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Centipedegrass lawn.Bert McCarty, ©2015, Clemson University. Centipede grass (Eremochloa ophiuroides) is a warm-season perennial turfgrass. It can be established from seed, sod, or plugs, and it spreads by aboveground stems called stolons. (Eremochloa ophiuroides) from Seed. USDA, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. > 0°C, dry winters), Naturalized along roadsides and disturbed sites, Intentionally planted for lawns, parks and golf course, GISD/IASPMR: Invasive Alien Species Pathway Management Resource and DAISIE European Invasive Alien Species Gateway. Over-fertilizing to obtain an unnatural dark green color reduces its cold tolerance, increases the thatch layer and usually increases long-term maintenance problems along with eventual turf failure. Duble (2016) reports that E. ophiuroides was first introduced into the United States in 1916 from seed collected in South China by Frank Meyer, although Piper and Stokes (1925) suggested that the Department of Agriculture had introduced it to the USA in 1919. E. ophiuroides can be found growing in bushy steppe, dry grassland or savannah, moist banks at the foot of mountains, sandy roadsides, on the seashore, as a weed in plantations, in Quercus, Liquidambar-Pinus forest, mixed with Axonopus, and abandoned in rice fields, preferring clay soils (Buitenhuis and Veldkamp, 2001). Centipedegrass for Florida Lawns. Final clipping date about July 15 optimized seed yields, as did mowing at heights between 1.0 and 2.0 inches. http://herbarium.usu.edu/webmanual, Unruh JB, Trenholm LE, Cisar JL, 2016. Centipedegrass exhibits a slow pattern of growth, gradually spreading to form a dense turf. yearly) or fertilize according to soil test results. These runners replace the live growth of the previous year (Walsh, 1994). Buitenhuis AG, Veldkamp JF, 2001. E. ophiuroides has been intentionally introduced and is used primarily for lawns, parks, golf course roughs and utility turf (Brosnan and Deputy, 2008; Duble, 2016; USDA-ARS, 2016). Centipede flowers on short, flat two-flowered spikelets and produces viable green to tan seeds. Poaceae is one of the largest families in the Angiosperms including over 700 genera and 11,000 species widely distributed in all regions of the world (Stevens, 2012). Description. The improved cultivars have better cold tolerance than common. Currently, only TifBlair is available as seed. This grass may be planted by seed, sod, plugs or stolons and forms medium density turf. (Eremochloa ophiuroides) from Seed1 JASON A. FERRELL, TIM R. MURPHY, and THEODORE M. WEBSTER2 Abstract: Centipedegrass is a warm-season turf grass that has increased in popularity in recent years. Growth Habit: Stoloniferous Vernation: Folded Leaf: Flat, smooth on both surfaces, tip moderately-pointed to blunt Ligule: Membranous with short hairs Auricles: Absent Inflorescence: Spike-like raceme Description: Centipedegrass is a low-input, warm-season turfgrass that spreads laterally by stolons. NameThatPlant.net currently features 3823 plants and 23,997 images. Centipedegrass should be watered infrequently, only when needed as water stress appears in the turf. Seeding Rate: Plant 1/4 to 1 lb. E. ophiuroides is a perennial grass that has been intentionally introduced into tropical and warm temperate areas to be used as a lawn grass (USDA-ARS, 2016). In: Fire Effects Information System. Greensboro, North Carolina, USA: National Plant Data Team. https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, USDA-NRCS, 2016. In China, it grows in moist meadows, hillsides, and especially on clay soils at elevations ranging from 200 to 1200 m (Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2016). This dense, turf grass flourishes in many areas of the southern United States. It is a thick sod forming grass that spreads by stolons, and is medium to light green colored. E. ophiuroides has escaped from cultivation and behaves as a weed on disturbed sites and along roadsides (Coile, 1993; Buitenhuis and Veldkamp, 2001; Brosnan and Deputy, 2008; Rojas-Sandoval and Acevedo-Rodríguez, 2015; USDA-NRCS, 2016).Impact on habitats. E. ophiuroides shows allelopathic activity with significant reductions in shoot and root weight of other plant species (Gannon et al., 2006). Related Links. This grass is typically found as a desired turfgrass in the south, and is referred to as the "lazy man's grass." Seed Rate 1 Lb. Latin Name: Eremochloa ophiuroides (Munro) Hack. General Technical Report - Southern Research Station, USDA Forest Service, Asheville, USA: Southern Research Station, USDA Forest Service. http://aggie-horticulture.tamu.edu/archives/parsons/turf/publications/centipede.html, Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2016. Eremochloa is a genus of 11 species distributed from India and Sri Lanka to South China, Indochina and Australia (Buitenhuis and Veldkamp, 2001; Thieret, 2003). Itwas introduced into the United States by the Department of Agriculture in 1919, and since then has been widely tested. Centipedegrass (Eremochloa ophiuroides) is a warm season lawn grass that is thick sod forming, uniform growing, and medium to light green colored.It has a coarse texture with short upright stems that grow to about 3-5 inches and spread by stolons. Flora of China. Double Eagle Coated with Advanta Technology Help seeds retain water for better germination. In: Flora of China. St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. The rate of thatch accumulation is a direct result of management practices. Richmond, UK: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Plants also recover quickly after fire (Walsh, 1994). Basionym: Ischaemum ophiuroides Munro 1860. Interpretive Summary: Centipedegrass is a warm-season turfgrass that has increased in popularity in recent years. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Irrigation management is also important to the success of a centipedegrass lawn. Within several years, large brown dead patches form in early spring. Eremochloa ophiuroides. Stolons from centipedegrass have high lignin content and do not decompose readily, thus developing a thatch layer. Centipedegrass (Eremochloa ophiuroides) is an important warm-season turfgrass native to the warm temperate and tropical regions of China.Seed yield, vegetative characters and cold tolerance are important horticultural traits affecting the widespread application of this species. http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2. Centipedegrass spreads by stolons, producing a medium-textured turf. Cytology, reproductive behavior, and fertility characteristics of centipedegrass., Crop Science, 18(5):835-837, Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica, 2016. Centipedegrass (Eremochloa ophiuroides) is often planted intentionally as turfgrass in mild-winter climates. Flora of China. > 10°C, Cold average temp. Introduction. Centipedegrass Areas of Adaptation. Stolons may be broken off and dispersed to new locations by humans, animals and vehicles (Brosnan and Deputy, 2008; Duble, 2016; USDA-NRCS, 2016).Intentional Introduction. Then irrigate to a depth of 6 inches. Zoysiagrass (Zoysia spp.) It is well adapted to grow on clay and sandy soils (even on fine sands) with pH ranging from 5.8 to 8.4 (Walsh, 1994; Buitenhuis and Veldkamp, 2001; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2016). However, some of these newer varieties must be vegetatively propagated and are selected specifically for their improved cold tolerance. Sun to Partial Shade. Kobe-shi, Hyogo Prefecture, Japan. In: Micronesica, 20 1-126. It thrives in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 8 and 9. It is well adapted … Red = BONAP map. )Hack], with strong stolons, beautiful leaves and dwarf swards, is the only species of Eremochloa ssp. The best grass seed according to your region. JASON A. FERRELL, TIM R. MURPHY, and THEODORE M. WEBSTER. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. 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