“The Epic Cycle and Homer,” chapter 3 of The Tradition of the Trojan War in Homer and the Epic Cycle (available online through UW libraries). and Hector. Summary of Plot. Achilles in particular represents the heroic code and his struggle revolves around his belief in an honour system, as opposed to Agamemnon‘s reliance on royal privilege. The poem consists of twenty-four scrolls, containing 15,693 lines of dactylic hexameter verse. Chronicling the deeds of great heroes from the past who helped form a society, the Iliad is an epic poem. English translation by Samuel Butler with popup notes and commentary (eNotes): Greek version with word-by-word translation (Perseus Project): Detailed book-by-book summary (About.com): Passer, deliciae meae puellae (Catullus 2), Vivamus, mea Lesbia, atque amemus (Catullus 5), Miser Catulle, desinas ineptire (Catullus 8), http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text.jsp?doc=Perseus:text:1999.01.0133, http://ancienthistory.about.com/od/iliad/a/Iliad.html. D. Elmer, The Poetics of Consent: Collective Decision Making in the Iliad… The Greek hero Diomedes, strengthened by Athena, drives the Trojans before him but, in his arrogance and blood-lust, strikes and injures Aphrodite. Aeneid Analysis 789 Words | 4 Pages. Last Updated on May 5, 2015, by eNotes Editorial. 33-52 Chryses prays to Apollo, who sends a plague among the host. The Achaeans raised a massive army and sailed to Troy, bent on … Olympus, watching events take place in Troy. The goddess Athena, however, who favours the Greeks, soon provokes a Trojan truce-breaking and battle begins anew. Use up and down arrows to review and enter to select. https://www.coursehero.com/lit/The-Iliad/character-analysis The Iliad recounts a brief but crucial period of the Trojan War, a conflict between the city of Troy and its allies against a confederation of Greek cities, collectively known as the Achaeans. He did make key choices regarding which events and characters were to be emphasized and reinterpreted. As the ten year war reaches its climax, even the gods join in the battle and the earth shakes with the clamour of the combat. It tells the story of the last year of the Trojan War fought between the city of Troy and the Greeks. Get free homework help on Homer's The Iliad: poem summary, summary and analysis, quotes, essays, and character analysis courtesy of CliffsNotes. Set during the Trojan War, the ten-year siege of the city of Troy (Ilium) by a coalition of Greek states, it tells of the battles and events during the weeks of a quarrel between King Agamemnon and the warrior Achilles. Main Characters Greeks. Written in the mid-8th Century BCE, “The Iliad” is usually considered to be the earliest work in the whole Western literary tradition, and … Major Characters of the Book. Frequent similes tell of the peacetime efforts back home in Greece, and serve as contrasts to the war, reminding us of the human values that are destroyed by fighting, as well as what is worth fighting for. The Iliad is an epic poem, written by Homer, that covers the quarrels and fighting near the end of the Trojan War. 1-7 Prologue: Sing, Muse, of the Wrath of Achilles. But, as fighter after heroic fighter enters the fray in search of honour and is slain before our eyes, the question always remains as to whether their struggle, heroic or not, is really worth the sacrifice. Four of the six passages on the Ph.D. translation exams are taken from these lists. Diomedes and Odysseus sneak into the Trojan camp and wreak havoc. Indeed, it is often the gods, not the mortals, who seem casual, petty and small-minded. Paris, a son of the king of Troy, kidnaps Helen, who becomes the legendary "Helen of Troy" and "the woman with the face that launched a thousand ships." Summary. Get ready to write your essay on The Iliad. Through its portayal of the epic subject matter of the Trojan War, the stirring scenes of bloody battle, the wrath of Achilles and the constant interventions of the gods, it explores themes of glory, wrath, homecoming and fate, and has provided subjects and stories for many other later Greek, Roman and Renaissance writings. The Greeks, at the behest of the warrior-hero Achilles, force Agamemnon to return Chryseis in order to appease Apollo and end the pestilence. Throughout all, in the background, the various gods and goddesses (particularly Hera, Athena, Apollo and Poseidon) continue to argue among themselves and to manipulate and intervene in the struggle, despite Zeus’ specific orders to the contrary. And literature his Muse in telling his tale continue your Study of Iliad... Trojan truce-breaking and battle begins anew and in-depth analyses of Achilles, Agamemnon feigns a homeward,! 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