Leaves are thin and soft, measuring up to 36 cm long and 12 cm wide. Some examples are the Italian misticanza, a salad with a mix of several raw vegetables, the foie and the chòrta vramena, mixtures of several wild herbs previously boiled, the pastissets de brosses and the minxos, in eastern Spain, traditional vegetable pies of wild herbs, or the Moroccan beqoul, a mixture of up to 20 wild food plants used to prepare a springtime meatless dish. Its leaves are considered refreshing and depurative, and they were directly consumed or prepared in infusion as a liver protector, or against pyrosis. Furthermore, sow thistle contains vitamin C (up to 779 milligrams) and essential fatty acids. Mix together well in a bowl and then add the sliced meat. It is an especially good dandelion alternative if you want a leafy green with less bitterness. Daily values (DVs) may be different depending upon your daily calorie needs. Apart from that the common name sow thistle refers to its attractiveness to swine, and the similarity of the leaf to younger thistle plants. Zollinger and Parker recommend 2,4-D, clopyralid, dicamba, glyphosate, and picloram for control of Sonchus asper., while Rice 2,4-D, DCPA, diethatyl-ethyl, MCPA, amitrole, atrazine, bromoxynil, chlorsulfuron, dicamba, dichlorprop & 2,4-D, diuron, glyphosate, isoxaben (Snapshot), norflurazon, oryzalin, oxyfluorfen, paraquat, Ornamental Herbicide II, napropamide, simazine and tebuthiuron. Preliminary reviews for biological control agents have been made in southern France and northern Europe. A number of thistles are considered invasive weeds and are legislated with restrictions or alerts to prevent their introduction or spread. This is a nutritious plant that contains several minerals (calcium, magnesium, iron, phosphorus, sodium, potassium and zinc) and vitamins (A, B1, B2, B3, B6, & C). Flowering normally takes place from June to August. Sow thistle tastes similar to dandelion but without as much bitterness; the young leaves are often as mild as lettuce. How to identify each and what to look for. They will shrink so you can keep adding leaves. The flower head, consisting of bracts, receptacle and ray flowers (petals), is thick, barrel to vase shaped, usually with tiny glandular hairs on the stalk just below the cluster. Sonchus asper is a major problem in winter crops and in tillage systems throughout southern Australia, South-East Queensland and Northern New South Wales. ---Parts Used---Leaves, stems, milky juice.The Sow-Thistle is a well-known weed in every field and garden. The plant body looks a lot like bull thistle but sow thistle has a number of small, yellow flowers rather than one bulbous purple or tan flower. The plant has deep tap root system which is upright with many branches. Sow Thistle is one of my favorite greens when collected from a young plant growing in partial shade. Heat olive oil in a big fry pan and saute the red onion for three minutes. Woolly thistle is easily identifiable with large, deeply-lobed, evenly-shaped leaves, and very large flower heads, wrapped in a 'cobweb' of cotton-like hairs. Sonchus oleraceus also found in Australia, Brazil, Canada, Falkland Islands, French Southern Territories, Greenland, New Zealand, Puerto Rico, Saint Helena, Saint Pierre and Miquelon, United States, Virgin Islands, Common Sow thistle, Milk Thistle, Smooth Saw-thistle, Sow Thistle, Annual Sow thistle, annual milk thistle, hare’s-lettuce, common milk thistle, colewort, field sow thistle, hare’s thistle, small sow thistle, Swinies, Hare’s Colwort, Common Milk Sow-thistle, Milky Tassel, Milk-weed, Thalaak, Fields, orchards, roadsides, gardens, waste areas, forests, grassland, riparian habitats, freshwater wetlands, coastal estuaries and dunes, pastures, open disturbed areas in cultivated land, near waterways, burned areas, construction sites, and rail yards, edges of yards, vacant lots, areas adjacent to buildings, Primarily on humus-rich, chalky, mild soils well-supplied with nutrients, Tap root system which is upright with many branches. *Above mentioned Percent Daily Values (%DVs) are based on 2,000 calorie diet intake. Another notable asset of sow thistle is its high carotenoid content, 11 which may help reduce the risk of eye disease. As for the sow thistle’s botanical name: Sonchus is the ancient Greek name for the plant and means “hollow” referring to the plant’s hollow stem, a point of identification. Sow thistle is an annual weed which can establish at any time of the year. 12. Its young leaves and stems are consumed raw in salads and cooked, both in soups, with legumes, fried with. The taproot must be removed, as re-sprouting can occur if left in the soil. The first leaves are round with a slightly toothed margin with a few spines. Puha, or puwha is also known as sow thistle or milk thistle (not to be confused with St Mary’s Thistle, also called milk thistle). Sow thistle leaves are a good source of vitamins A and C, thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, calcium, phosphorus, and iron. It is extremely rich in calcium and Vitamins A and C. In mediterranean cultures, sow … Eradication of Sow thistle plants from ruderal spots close to farm crops before flowering will prevent the achene spreading by means of wind. All leaves are coarsely toothed with soft spines and are shiny waxy green on the upper surface. For control of Sonchus asper, a pre-emergent herbicide containing isoxaben can be used, herbicidal soaps when the plants are young, or glyphosate when plants are mature. Stir thoroughly so that all the pieces are coated and leave for 30 minutes. Common sowthistle (aka milk thistle, Sonchus oleraceus) is a problematic weed in broadacre cropping systems across Australia. This species is commonly prepared in mixtures with other wild species, as recorded in different Mediterranean recipes. The author name for the plant classification is as follows: The first to classify was ‘(L.)’ which refers to Carl Linnaeus (1707-1778), Swedish botanist and the developer of the binomial nomenclature of modern taxonomy. Prickly sow thistle is an erect, creeping rooted annual plant, occasionally becoming biennial that grows about 1 to 5 feet tall. Roots are abortifacient, purgative and vermifuge. This will also drain food reserves stored in the roots and cause death. Leaves are lanceolate to oblanceolate in shape, hairless and dark green in color with pale white to purple veins. It appears single or multiple from base, branching, hollow between stem joints (nodes), and secretes a milky sap when cut. triangularis Wallr. Thistles will resprout readily if cut down, so it’s best to dig the whole plant up by the root. They have sparse hairs on the upper leaf surface. They are also used in the treatment of eye problems, gastritis, salmonella infection, kwashiorkor and anemia. Leaves are thin and soft, measuring up to 36 cm long and 12 cm wide. Add the sow-thistle leaves and continue frying for another 3 or 4 minutes, stirring to prevent burning and distribute the heat. Published studies suggest that sow thistle may possess health benefits that may work to your advantage, including: The first leaves are round with a slightly toothed margin with a few spines. 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Achenes have 3 (or rarely 4-5) longitudinal ribs on each face. Health Benefits of Sow Thistle There are many sow thistle uses being practiced since ancient times. Ten Secrets About Sow Thistle: Facts and Health Benefits. 4,000-5,000 seeds are produced in one single plant. Stem juice is a powerful hydrogogue and cathartic, it should be used with great caution since it can cause colic and tenesmus. Its roots, stem, leaves, juice, latex or whole plant has also been used to treat a vast variety of conditions, ailments and diseases. Fertile flowers are followed by an achene (a dry indehiscent, non-opening, 1-seeded fruit) that is 2.5-4 mm long and 1mm wide, brown, 3-ribbed on each face, wrinkled with narrow margins and compressed and obovoid in shape. Sow thistle is eaten throughout history. Leaves are applied as a poultice to inflammatory swellings. and globe thistle (Echinops spp.) Even the closest lookalikes found here are edible – the sow thistles (Sonchus spp) and sea holly (Eryngium maritimum), so when working with the thistles, you can learn to identify and proceed to experiment with complete confidence from the outset. Rinse, chop and boil the Sow thistle leaves for a few minutes and Drain. All rights reserved. Supports liver health. Sonchus asper var. Next, make up a marinade from the remainder of the first group of ingredients, using a splash of soy sauce, slugs of water and wine, seasoning and pinches of corn flour and sugar. Heat some oil in a frying pan and fry the ginger for a couple of minutes, stirring to prevent burning, then add the spring onion. It is used in the treatment of headaches, general pain, diarrhea, menstrual problems, fever, hepatitis, salmonella infection, wars, eye problems, liver infections, infections, inflammation and rheumatism. Disclaimer, e-mail: [email protected] Calories from Fat 5.4 K cal. Add a good slug of stock or water, reduce the heat to a simmer and cover. They have sparse hairs on the upper leaf surface. Plant extract is applied to fresh injuries. However, deep burial of the seeds prolongs their survival. The plant grows on a variety of soil types including white to grey sand, brown clayey loam, black sandy loam and black clayey peat. They also make excellent feed for livestock. The stem juice is a powerful hydrogogue and cathartic, it should be used with great caution … Sonchus oleraceus var. Use of leaf sap to treat earache and deafness is probably effective in cases where excessive amounts of earwax are the underlying cause of the problem. India, Nepal and Pakistan), Blue sow-thistle, prickly sow thistle, prickly sow-thistle, prickly sowthistle, rough sow thistle, rough sow-thistle, rough sowthistle, sowthistle, spiny sow thistle, spiny sowthistle, spiny-leaf sowthistle, spinyleaf sowthistle, spiny-leaved sow thistle, Native Sow-Thistle, sharp-fringed sow thistle, spiny milk thistle, Erect, creeping rooted annual plant, occasionally becoming biennial, Roadsides, cultivated fields, wastelands, gardens, gravel pits, mines and logged areas, mountain slopes, forest, field margins, ruderal areas, grasslands, along lakeshores and streams, and on muddy sites, pastures, hay fields, dunes, riparian areas, Grow on a variety of soil types including white to grey sand, brown clayey loam, black sandy loam and black clayey peat. Thistle Root. Stir everything, then add another knob of butter and melt into the sow-thistle over a low heat. Tender young leaves and stem tops are consumed raw or cooked. Flowering generally takes place in the spring and summer. Leaf infusion was used to cause urination and open obstructions. laevis (Wallr.) Its edible leaves make a palatable and nutritious leaf vegetable. Gardeners may consider this a benefit or a curse; aphids may spread from sow thistle to other plants, but alternatively the sow thistle can encourage the growth of beneficial predators such as hoverflies. The plant mostly grows on humus-rich, chalky, mild soils well-supplied with nutrients. Roots of the plants act as a vermifuge and the stems are recommended as a sedative and tonic. Also unlike bull thistle stem fibers, sow thistle fibers make poor cordage. Sonchus oleraceus subsp. Buds have a shape of blue-green barrels, being cylindrical and stout, Yellow in color, up to 7 mm in diameter. Begin by slicing the meat into pieces about 2 inches long and 1/10th inch thick. They are not healthbenefitstimes.com recommendations. setosoglandulosus Hausm. litoralis P.D.Sell, Sonchus oleraceus var. Flowering normally takes place from June to August. The plant is found growing in fields, orchards, roadsides, gardens, waste areas, forests, grassland, riparian habitats, freshwater wetlands, coastal estuaries, dunes, pastures, open disturbed areas in cultivated land, near waterways, burned areas, construction sites, rail yards, edges of yards, vacant lots and areas adjacent to buildings. In this regard sow thistles make excellent sacrificial plants. Set aside. Hutchinson et al. Mulching and soil sterilization methods can complement other management efforts. It is extremely rich in calcium and Vitamins A and C. In mediterranean cultures, sow thistles are eaten raw in salads, or blanched. The species of this genus has been probably consumed since ancient times. Mature seeds are brown colored and have a white feathery pappus (8 mm long) that jointly form a white puff ball, similar to dandelion. Its consumption raw in salads is considered to have depurative and diuretic effects, and it has been recommended in western Turkey attributing anti-tumor activity. Sonchus oleraceus var. Marsh thistle looks somewhat like spear thistle at an initial glance, but without the large spines and leaf lobes, and usually with a thin, red, leaf margin. Another notable asset of sow thistle is its high carotenoid content, 11 which may help reduce the risk of eye disease. Furthermore, sow thistle contains vitamin C (up to 779 milligrams) and essential fatty acids. Stems should be bruised and the bitter-tasting milky juice washed out before eating or cooking them. They are dark green in color (sometimes tinted with a reddish-purple tinge). Published studies suggest that sow thistle may possess health benefits that may work to your advantage, including: Iron (37.25%) Copper (34.44%) Calcium (13.70%) Health benefits. Slashing is often ineffective as flowers continue to be produced. Milky sap has been used as a chewing gum by the Maoris of New Zealand. 1 tsp. Leaves are hairless somewhat bluish green. *Above mentioned Percent Daily Values (%DVs) are based on 2,000 calorie diet intake. asper (L.) Ehrh. integrifolius Wallr. Sonchus oleraceus subsp. The genus Sonchus, is the old Greek name for ‘hollow’ and was applied due to the hollow stem of the Sow Thistle and the species asper, means ‘rough’ – as in the spiny edges. Reproducing by seed and from buds on widely spreading, creamy white, brittle, underground roots. Erect, 5 angled hollow stem  that are 60 – 150 cm high, smooth and hairless on the lower part but glandular-hairy towards the top and on branches, hollow, thick, branched stems full of milky juice. purpurascens Druce, Sonchus oleraceus var. His work was modified by ‘Hill’ which is for John Hill (c1716-1775), English botanist, author of 76 works including the 26 volume The Vegetable System. This species has also been used as fodder for pigs, cows, sheep, goats, and rabbits. Mentioned values are recommended by a U.S. Department of Agriculture. It is also used to treat a wide variety of infections. subbipinnatifidus (Guss.) It is also said to have anticancer activity. The leaves are also great to use as an antioxidant. In traditional medicine it is used to treat diarrhea, menstrual problems, fever, inflammation, and warts. However the species has now developed resistance to ALS-inhibiting herbicides such as chlorsulfuron and metsulfuron-methyl in Australia. Sow Thistle with Red Onion, Goat Cheese and Pine Nuts From Foraging Foodie. Many small, loose open clusters (corymbiform) of yellow dandelion type flower heads, each up to 1 inch across when fully open appears at the top of the stem and arising from leaf axils. Herbal Remedies and Medicinal Uses of Sow Thistle: �Sow Thistles are cooling, binding, and very fit to cool a hot stomach, and ease its pains. The mature leaves are thin, soft and dark-green in color with irregularly-toothed margins ending in small, soft spines. This species has been commonly used as a wild green throughout the Mediterranean region, as recorded in Portugal, Spain, Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Greece, Cyprus, Turkey, Jordan, Egypt, Tunisia and Morocco. Liver problems food reserves stored in the Compositae ( Asteraceae ) family control agents on related native Australian.... And medicine it is juice is a major problem in winter crops and salads! 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